Friday, 27 January 2017

Practical Driving Test in UK / Attitude Category

Practical Driving Test in UK / Attitude Category
Attitude means:
  • Your frame of mind when you are driving
  • How you react when you meet road hazards
  • How you behave towards other drivers 
Topics include: 
  • Consideration - treating other road users in a polite and correct manner
  • Positioning - knowing vehicle road positions
  • Courtesy - treating other drivers with respect
  • Priority - understanding the rules of priority when driving. 
Basically, this section tries to encourage you to be a careful, considerate and safe driver. Again, safety is the main concern. The DVSA want to instill in you an attitude that is polite, calm, considerate and above all safe. 
A regular theme is your attitude to other road users.
To help you answer such questions think what is the safest, most considerate option. E.g. Question. You wish to turn right ahead. Why should you take up the correct position in good time? 
  1. To allow other drivers to pull out in front of you
  2. To give a better view into the road that you are joining
  3. To help other road users know what you intend to do
  4. To allow drivers to pass you on the right
The correct answer is 3 - the safest and most considerate option. 
Common Themes 

  • Competitive driving and showing off whilst driving is dangerous. Young, inexperienced drivers can often be involved in crashes due to showing off and driving competitively.
  • Fuel - diesel fuel when spilt is slippery. Always make sure your fuel cap is correctly replaced after filling up. A loose filler cap can waste fuel and money and make the road slippery for other road users.
  • Rural Roads - slow down and be careful when approaching animals and livestock. When passing a horse move forward slowly and give plenty of room. If you encounter a farmer herding animals you should stop if he asks you to.

Pedestrian Crossings
  • Never wave a pedestrian across at any crossing, as there may be another vehicle coming
  • Pelican Crossing - the flashing amber light means give way to pedestrians already on the crossing
  • Toucan Crossings - cyclists can ride across these
  • Puffin Crossing - a steady amber light follows the green light. There is no flashing amber light. The red light will stay on until the pedestrians using it have reached a safe position
  • Zebra Crossing - when approaching a zebra crossing if pedestrians are waiting to cross you must slow down and stop. If they fail to cross immediately you should continue to wait. 
Vehicles with BLUE flashing beacons: 
  • bomb disposal
  • blood transfusion
  • police patrol
  • mountain rescue
  • coastguard
  • ambulance
  • fire engine
Vehicle's with GREEN flashing beacons:
  • doctor's car 
When being followed by a vehicle with a flashing blue light you should pull over as soon as safely possible to let it pass.
Facts To Know 
  • Tailgating - this means following another vehicle too closely. It can be distracting and intimidating for the driver in front, and dangerous, as it could cause an incident if the vehicle in front stops suddenly.
  • Two Second Rule - in good, dry conditions you should leave a two second between you and the vehicle you are following. In wet conditions the gap should be four seconds.
  • Car Horn - only use this to alert other road users of your presence.
  • Flashing Headlights - only flash your headlights to let other road users know that you are there.
  • Full beam headlights - only use when on a unlit road at night when there is no traffic ahead of you.
  • If it is safe to do so, give way to buses.
  • Don't follow long vehicles too closely as doing so will reduce your view ahead.
  • Diamond-shaped road signs give instructions to tram drivers only.
  • Tram rails pose most risk to cyclists.
  • In a one-way street, when wanting to turn right you should position your car in the right-hand lane.
  • At an unmarked crossroads, slow down and look both ways.
  • If a driver is following you too closely, slow down gradually and increase the distance between your car and the one in front of you.
  • Give way to buses whenever it is safe to do so.
  • If another road user cuts you up, drop back to leave the correct separation distance.
  • When passing horses slow down and allow plenty of room.
  • A loose filler cap on a diesel fuel tank may allow diesel to leak out, This will waste fuel and could make the road slippery for other road users, as diesel when spilt is slippery. 

1What type of emergency vehicle is fitted with a green flashing beacon?

(mark ONE answer)

Knowledge and Understanding A green flashing beacon on a vehicle means the driver or passenger is a doctor on an emergency call. Give way to them if it is safe to do so. Be aware that the vehicle may be travelling quickly or may stop in a hurry. 

 Fire engine
 Road gritter
 Doctor's car
2You are driving on a clear night. There is a steady stream of oncoming traffic. The national speed limit applies. Which lights should you use?

(mark ONE answer)

Knowledge and Understanding Use the full beam headlights only when you can be sure that you will not dazzle other road users. 

 Full beam headlights
 Dipped headlights
 Fog lights
3You are driving in traffic at the speed limit for the road. The driver behind is trying to overtake. You should

(mark ONE answer)

Knowledge and Understanding Keep a steady course to give the driver behind an opportunity to overtake safely. If necessary, slow down. Reacting incorrectly to another driver�s impatience can lead to danger. 

 move closer to the car ahead, so the driver behind has no room to overtake
 wave the driver behind to overtake when it is safe
 keep a steady course and allow the driver behind to overtake
 accelerate to get away from the driver behind
4A bus lane on your left shows no times of operation. This means it is

(mark ONE answer)

Knowledge and Understanding Do not drive or park in a bus lane when it is in operation. This can cause disruption to traffic and delays to public transport. 

 not in operation at all
 only in operation at peak times
 in operation 24 hours a day
 only in operation in daylight hours
5A vehicle pulls out in front of you at a junction. What should you do?

(mark ONE answer)

Knowledge and Understanding Try to be ready for the unexpected. Plan ahead and learn to anticipate hazards. You will then give yourself more time to react to any problems that might occur. Be tolerant of the behaviour of other road users who do not behave correctly. 

 Swerve past it and sound your horn
 Flash your headlights and drive up close behind
 Slow down and be ready to stop
 Accelerate past it immediately
6At puffin crossings, which light will not show to a driver?

(mark ONE answer)

Knowledge and Understanding A flashing amber light is shown at pelican crossings, but puffin crossings are different. They are controlled electronically and automatically detect when pedestrians are on the crossing. The phase is shortened or lengthened according to the position of the pedestrians. 

 Flashing amber
 Steady Amber
7You are driving a slow-moving vehicle on a narrow winding road. You should

(mark ONE answer)

Knowledge and Understanding Try not to hold up a queue of traffic. Other road users may become impatient and this could lead to reckless actions. If you are driving a slow-moving vehicle and the road is narrow, look for a safe place to pull in. DO NOT wave other traffic past since this could be dangerous if you or they have not seen an oncoming vehicle. 

 keep well out to stop vehicles overtaking dangerously
 wave following vehicles past you if you think they can overtake quickly
 pull in safely when you can, to let following vehicles overtake
 give a left signal when it is safe for vehicles to overtake
8You have a loose filler cap on your diesel fuel tank. This will

(mark TWO answers)

Knowledge and Understanding Diesel fuel is especially slippery if spilled on a wet road. At the end of a dry spell of weather you should be aware that the road surfaces may have a high level of diesel spillage that has not been washed away by rain. 

 waste fuel and money
 make roads slippery for other road users
 improve your vehicle's fuel consumption
 increase the level of exhaust emissions
9What style of driving causes increased risk to everyone?

(mark ONE answer)

Knowledge and Understanding Competitive driving increases the risks to everyone and is the opposite of responsible, considerate and defensive driving. Defensive driving is about questioning the actions of other road users and being prepared for the unexpected. Do not be taken by surprise. 

10You are driving at night on an unlit road behind another vehicle. You should

(mark ONE answer)

Knowledge and Understanding If you follow another vehicle with your headlights on full beam they could dazzle the driver. Leave a safe distance and ensure that the light from your dipped beam falls short of the vehicle in front. 

 flash your headlights
 use dipped beam headlights
 switch off your headlights
 use full beam headlights
11You are approaching a red light at a puffin crossing. Pedestrians are on the crossing. The red light will stay on until

(mark ONE answer)

Knowledge and Understanding The electronic device will automatically detect that the pedestrians have reached a safe position. Do not proceed until the green light shows it is safe for vehicles to do so. 

 you start to edge forward on to the crossing
 the pedestrians have reached a safe position
 the pedestrians are clear of the front of your vehicle
 a driver from the opposite direction reaches the crossing
12A person herding sheep asks you to stop. You should

(mark ONE answer)

Knowledge and Understanding Allow the sheep to clear the road before you proceed. Animals are unpredictable and startle easily; they could turn and run into your path or into the path of another moving vehicle. 

 ignore them as they have no authority
 stop and switch off your engine
 continue on but drive slowly
 try and get past quickly
13When overtaking a horse and rider you should

(mark ONE answer)

Knowledge and Understanding Horses can become startled by the sound of a car engine or the rush of air caused by passing too closely. Keep well back and only pass when it is safe; leave them plenty of room. You may have to use the other side of the road to go past: if you do, first make sure there is no oncoming traffic. 

 sound your horn as a warning
 go past as quickly as possible
 flash your headlights as a warning
 go past slowly and carefully
14You are waiting in a traffic queue at night. To avoid dazzling following drivers you should

(mark ONE answer)

Knowledge and Understanding You should consider drivers behind as brake lights can dazzle. However, if you are driving in fog it is safer to keep your foot on the footbrake. In this case it will give the vehicle behind extra warning of your presence. 

 apply the handbrake only
 apply the footbrake only
 switch off your headlights
 use both the handbrake and the footbrake
15The conditions are good and dry. You should use the ''two-second rule''

(mark ONE answer)

Knowledge and Understanding To measure this, choose a fixed reference point such as a bridge, sign or tree. When the vehicle ahead passes the object, say to yourself �'Only a fool breaks the two second rule.'� If you reach the object before you finish saying this, you are TOO CLOSE. 

 before restarting the engine after it has stalled
 to keep a safe gap from the vehicle in front
 before using the 'Mirror-Signal-Manoeuvre' routine
 when emerging on wet roads
16You should ONLY flash your headlights to other road users

(mark ONE answer)

Knowledge and Understanding You should only flash your headlights to warn others of your presence. Do not use them to, greet others, show impatience or give priority to other road users. They could misunderstand your signal. 

 to show that you are giving way
 to show you are about to turn
 to tell them that you have right of way
 to let them know that you are there
17You are approaching an unmarked crossroads. How should you deal with this type of junction?

(mark ONE answer)

Knowledge and Understanding Be extra-cautious, especially when your view is restricted by hedges, bushes, walls and large vehicles etc. In the summer months these junctions can become more difficult to deal with when growing foliage may obscure your view. 

 Accelerate and keep to the middle
 Slow down and keep to the right
 Accelerate looking to the left
 Slow down and look both ways
18Which type of crossing are cyclists allowed to ride across with pedestrians?

(mark ONE answer)

Knowledge and Understanding A toucan crossing is designed to allow pedestrians and cyclists to cross at the same time. Look out for cyclists approaching the crossing at speed. 

19What should you use your horn for?

(mark ONE answer)

Knowledge and Understanding Your horn must not be used between 11.30 pm and 7 am in a built-up area or when you are stationary, unless a moving vehicle poses a danger. Its function is to alert other road users to your presence. 

 To alert others to your presence
 To allow you the right of way
 To greet other road users
 To signal your annoyance
20A long, heavily-laden lorry is taking a long time to overtake you. What should you do?

(mark ONE answer)

Knowledge and Understanding A long lorry with a heavy load will need more time to pass you than a car, especially on an uphill stretch of road. Slow down and allow the lorry to pass. 

 Speed up
 Slow down
 Hold your speed
 Change direction

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