Sunday, 29 January 2017

แนวข้อสอบ Life in the UK Test 1 - 48 จำนวน 1,152 ข้อ

แนวข้อสอบ Life in the UK Test 1 - 48 จำนวน  1,152 ข้อ

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Friday, 27 January 2017

Practical Driving Test in UK / Vehicle Loading Category

Practical Driving Test in UK / Vehicle Loading Category

Topics include: 
  • Towing - understanding the affects of towing a trailer and the relevant regulations.
  • Stability - understanding how to correctly load vehicles, trailers and caravans and how towing can affect vehicle stability and safety. 
Questions concern vehicle stability and towing regulations. 
When towing a trailer or caravan on a motorway:
  • Do not exceed 60 mph.
  • Do not use the right-hand lane unless directed to do so.
  • To stop a trailer or caravan from snaking you should ease off the accelerator and slow down gradually. 
Facts To Know 
  • It is advised you inflate your tyres to a higher pressure than normal when carrying a heavy load, or when driving fast for long distances.
  • A heavy vehicle load, on a roof rack or in the car, will reduce stability and affect steering and handling.
  • The driver is always responsible for making sure the vehicle isn't overloaded.
  • Any load must be securely fastened.
  • To improve handling when towing a caravan fit a stabiliser to the towbar.
  • When towing a caravan never allow passengers to travel in it.
  • Using a roof rack will increase fuel consumption.
  • A child passenger under the age of three, should be seated in a child seat.
  • Animals should be restrained so that they can't interfere with the driver. 
Towing A Trailer
  • Before towing a trailer check your vehicles handbook to learn the maximum noseweight of your vehicle's tow ball.
  • The weight of a trailer should be no more than 85% of the car that is pulling it.
  • A breakaway cable is a safety device fitted to a trailer.
  • When loading a trailer spread the load evenly.
  • It is against the law to have a load that is sticking out in a dangerous way.
  • If you park a vehicle with a trailer overnight it must have lights 

Practical Driving Test in UK / Accidents and Emergency Category

Practical Driving Test in UK / Accidents and Emergency Category

Topics include: 
  • First Aid - basic first aid and dealing with road accidents
  • Warning Devices - knowing how to warn other road users of an accident
  • Reporting Procedures - knowing how and when to call the emergency services and knowing when you must report road accidents
  • Safety Regulations - understanding the warning signs and dangers for vehicles carrying hazardous loads.
Use Hazard Warning lights
  • When stopped and temporarily obstructing traffic
  • When you slow down quickly on a motorway because of a hazard ahead
  • When you have broken down
First Aid
  • To stop bleeding without the aid of a bandage apply pressure to the wound and, if possible, raise it.
  • If an accident victim has a burn, you should try and cool it, with clean, cool, non-toxic liquid, for at least 10 minutes. If anything is stuck to the burn do not remove it.
  • You find an unconscious casualty. You should check their breathing for at least 10 seconds. Do this by placing your cheek over their mouth and nose (to feel for breath) and then looking to see if the chest rises.
  • If the casualty is breathing you should still check that their airway is clear.
  • If a casualty isn't breathing then chest compression should be given at a rate of 100 per minute. The correct depth to press is 4 to 5 centimeters.
  • When giving mouth to mouth resuscitation to a child you must breath into their mouth gently.
  • A person suffering from shock may be sweating and have pale grey skin.
  • An unconscious motorcyclist must only be moved if absolutely necessary, as moving them could worsen any injuries. Do not remove their helmet. Seek medical assistance straight away.
  • Any casualty with suspected back injuries should not be moved. 
At any crash if you find an unconscious casualty your first priority is to check their breathing. You must then:
  • Check circulation
  • Check if the airway is clear. If it isn't, and you can hear snoring or gurgling noises, remove any obvious obstruction. Only tilt the head back gently as a last resort if the patient is unable to breathe. Ensure professional help is on the way.
  • Stop any heavy bleeding
  • Warn other traffic 
Try and keep injured people
  • Warm and comfortable
  • Calm by reassuring them
  • Do not leave them alone

Accident Scenes
If you arrive at a accident scene
  • Make sure all engines are switched off.
  • Call the emergency services.
  • Don't put yourself at risk.
  • Switch on your hazard warning lights.
  • Get people who are not injured away from the scene (this is your priority). 
If you are in a collision that causes damage or injury to any other person, vehicle, animal or property then you must stop and give the following details to anyone who has reasonable grounds for requiring them.
  • Your name
  • The vehicle owner's name and address
  • The vehicle's make and registration 
  • Insurance details 
If you cause damage to property and the property owner is not available then you must inform the police within 24 hours.
If you are involved in a road accident the police may ask to see your driving licence, insurance certificate, MOT certificate.
Long Tunnels
  • When driving through long tunnels variable message signs will warn you of congestion or an incident ahead.
  • Keep a safe distance from the vehicle in front. If the vehicle in front stops or breakdown you may need to manoeuvre passed it.
  • If you breakdown use your hazard lights and call for help.
  • Tune your radio to the frequency shown.
  • If your vehicle catches fire continue through the tunnel if you can. If you can't try and put the fire out. 
Level Crossings
If you breakdown on a level crossing:
  • Leave your vehicle and get yourself and any passengers away from the crossing
  • Phone the signal operator
  • Move the vehicle if a signal operator tells you to 
  • If you get a puncture on a motorway pull up on the hard should and use the emergency phone to call for help.
  • Use your hazard lights to warn other drivers if you have to slow down quickly due to a hazard ahead or if your breakdown and can't reach the hard shoulder.
  • A large box falls from a lorry. The lorry doesn't stop. You should pull onto the hard shoulder near an emergency telephone and report it. 
When using an emergency telephone you will be asked
  • The number on the telephone
  • Details of yourself and your vehicle
  • Are you a member of a motoring organisation 
Other Facts
  • If your engine catches fire you should pull up as safely and as quickly as you can and call the fire brigade. Do not open the bonnet.
  • While driving a dashboard warning light comes on, you should check out the problem quickly and safely.
  • If you breakdown and have a warning triangle, place it at least 45m behind your vehicle. 
DSA Theory Questions - Accidents Category
1You see a car on the hard shoulder of a motorway with a HELP pennant displayed. This means the driver is most likely to be (mark ONE answer)

Knowledge and Understanding If a disabled driver�s vehicle breaks down and they are unable to walk to an emergency phone, they are advised to stay in their car and switch on the hazard warning lights. They may also display a 'Help� pennant in their vehicle. 

 a disabled driver
 first aid trained
 a foreign visitor
 a rescue patrol person
2You are going through a congested tunnel and have to stop. What should you do? (mark ONE answer)

Knowledge and Understanding It�s important to keep a safe distance from the vehicle in front at all times. This still applies in congested tunnels even if you are moving very slowly or have stopped. If the vehicle in front breaks down you may need room to manoeuvre past it. 

 Pull up very close to the vehicle in front to save space
 Ignore any message signs as they are never up to date
 Keep a safe distance from the vehicle in front
 Make a U-turn and find another route
3You are on a motorway. A large box falls onto the road from a lorry. The lorry does not stop. You should  (mark ONE answer)

Knowledge and Understanding Lorry drivers can be unaware of objects falling from their vehicles. If you see something fall onto a motorway look to see if the driver pulls over. If they don�t stop, do not attempt to retrieve it yourself. Pull on to the hard shoulder near an emergency telephone and report the hazard. You will be connected to the police or a Highways Agency control centre. 

 go to the next emergency telephone and report the hazard
 catch up with the lorry and try to get the driver's attention
 stop close to the box until the police arrive
 pull over to the hard shoulder, then remove the box
4You arrive at the scene of a motorcycle crash. The rider is injured. When should the helmet be removed? (mark ONE answer)

Knowledge and Understanding DO NOT remove a motorcyclist�s helmet unless it is essential. Remember they may be suffering from shock. Don�t give them anything to eat or drink but do reassure them confidently. 

 Only when it is essential
 Always straight away
 Only when the motorcyclist asks
 Always, unless they are in shock
5Which of the following should you not do at the scene of a collision? (mark ONE answer)

Knowledge and Understanding Keeping casualties or witnesses calm is important, but never offer a cigarette because of the risk of fire. Bear in mind they may be in shock. Don�t offer an injured person anything to eat or drink. They may have internal injuries or need surgery. 

 Warn other traffic by switching on your hazard warning lights
 Call the emergency services immediately
 Offer someone a cigarette to calm them down
 Ask drivers to switch off their engines
6At an incident a casualty is unconscious but still breathing. You should only move them if (mark ONE answer)

Knowledge and Understanding Do not move a casualty unless there is further danger, for example, from other traffic or fire. They may have unseen or internal injuries. Moving them unnecessarily could cause further injury. Do NOT remove a motorcyclists helmet unless it�s essential. 

 an ambulance is on its way
 bystanders advise you to
 there is further danger
 bystanders will help you to
7Your tyre bursts while you are driving. Which TWO things should you do? 9mark TWO answers)

Knowledge and Understanding A tyre bursting can lead to a loss of control, especially if you�re travelling at high speed. Using the correct procedure should help you to stop the vehicle safely. 

 Pull on the handbrake
 Brake as quickly as possible
 Pull up slowly at the side of the road
 Hold the steering wheel firmly to keep control
 Continue on at a normal speed
8Which TWO safeguards could you take against fire risk to your vehicle? (mark TWO answers)

Knowledge and Understanding The fuel in your vehicle can be a dangerous fire hazard. Never use a naked flame near the vehicle if you can smell fuel or smoke when refuelling your vehicle. 

 Keep water levels above maximum
 Carry a fire extinguisher
 Avoid driving with a full tank of petrol
 Use unleaded petrol
 Check out any strong smell of petrol
 Use low octane fuel
9Your car catches fire. What should you do first? (mark ONE answer)

Knowledge and Understanding If you suspect a fire in the engine compartment you should pull up as safely and as quickly as possible. DO NOT open the bonnet as this will fuel the fire further. Get any passengers out of the vehicle and dial 999 immediately to contact the fire brigade. 

 Lift the bonnet and disconnect the battery
 Lift the bonnet and warn other traffic
 Call a breakdown service
 Call the fire brigade
10You are in a collision on a two-way road. You have a warning triangle with you. At what distance before the obstruction should you place the warning triangle? (mark ONE answer)

Knowledge and Understanding This is the minimum distance to place the triangle from the obstruction. If there�s a bend or hump in the road place it so that approaching traffic has plenty of time to react to the warning and slow down. You may also need to use your hazard warning lights, especially in poor visibility or at night. 

 25 metres
 45 metres
 100 metres
 150 metres

Practical Driving Test in UK / Documents Category

Practical Driving Test in UK / Documents Category

Topics include:
  • Licenses - knowing what type of driving licenses you need.
  • Insurance - car insurance cover types and what you need to drive legally.
  • MOT Certificate - know the legal requirements for vehicle testing and what the test covers.
  • Vehicle Excise Duty (tax disc)
  • Vehicle Registration Document/Certificate
  • You must have a valid insurance cover that covers you for at least third party liability.
  • Third Party Car Insurance covers - injury to another person, damage to someone's property, damage to other vehicles. This is the minimum level of insurance you need to drive on public roads.
  • Third Party Fire and Theft Car Insurance covers the above plus damage to your vehicle through fire and theft.
  • A cover note is a document issued before you receive your insurance certificate.
  • You cannot obtain a tax disc without having valid car insurance.
  • The maximum specified fine for driving without insurance is £5000. 
MOT Certificate
  • A MOT certificate is valid for one year after the date it was issued.
  • All cars over three years old need a MOT certificate. The only time you can drive a three year old car without an MOT certificate is when driving to an MOT test centre for an appointment.
  • An MOT test checks your car is roadworthy, that all parts work properly and the car is safe to drive, and that it keeps to the legal limits for exhaust emissions.
  • If you drive a car without an MOT certificate you will invalidate your insurance.
Vehicle Excise Duty (tax disc)
Before obtaining a tax disc your car must have:
  • Valid insurance
  • An MOT certificate
A Statutory Off-Road Notification (SORN) is valid for 12 months. It is a notification to tell the DVLA that a vehicle is not being used on the road and so doesn't need a tax disc for the 12 month period.
Vehicle Registration Certificate
  • This lists all the important details about the vehicle and the registered keeper of the vehicle.
  • The registered vehicle keeper is legally responsible for ensuring that a Vehicle Registration Certificate (V5C) is kept up to date.
  • You must update your Vehicle Registration Certificate when you move house.
Contact the licensing authority when:
  • You change your vehicle
  • You change your name
  • Your permanent address changes
  • Your health affects your driving
  • Your eyesight does not meet a set standard 
Other Facts To Know 
  • To supervise a learner driver you must be 21 years of age and have held a full licence for more than 3 years.
  • If you get six penalty points on your licence within two years of passing your practical driving test your driving licence will be revoked. You will have to take and pass the theory and practical tests again.
  • You must tell the DVLA if your health is likely to affect your driving or if your eyesight doesn't meet the required standard.
  • If a police officer ask to see your documents but you don't have them with you, you must take them to a police station within 7 days.
  • If your vehicle is unused or off the road it must have either a SORN declaration or valid insurance.
  • The Pass Plus scheme is to help new drivers improve their basic driving skills. Taking it can reduce the cost of car insurance. 
DSA Theory Questions - Documents Category

1A cover note is a document issued before you receive your

Mark one answer.

Knowledge and Understanding Sometimes an insurance company will issue a temporary insurance certificate called a cover note. It gives you the same insurance cover as your certificate, but lasts for a limited period, usually one month. 

 driving licence
 insurance certificate
 registration document
 MOT certificate
2You have just passed your practical test. You do not hold a full licence in another category. Within two years you get six penalty points on your licence. What will you have to do?

Mark TWO answers.

Knowledge and Understanding If you accumulate six or more penalty points within two years of gaining your first full licence it will be revoked. The six or more points include any gained due to offences you committed before passing your test. If this happens you may only drive as a learner until you pass both the theory and practical tests again. 

 Retake only your theory test
 Retake your theory and practical tests
 Retake only your practical test
 Reapply for your full licence immediately
 Reapply for your provisional licence
3What is the maximum specified fine for driving without insurance?

Mark one answer.

Knowledge and UnderstandingIt is a serious offence to drive without insurance. As well as a heavy fine you may be disqualified or incur penalty points. 

4A police officer asks to see your documents. You do not have them with you. You may be asked to take them to a police station within

Mark one answer.

Knowledge and Understanding You don�t have to carry the documents for your vehicle around with you. If a police officer asks to see them and you don�t have them with you, you may be asked to produce them at a police station within seven days. 

 5 days
 7 days
 14 days
 21 days
5When you apply to renew your vehicle excise licence (tax disc) what must you have?

Mark one answer.

Knowledge and UnderstandingTax discs can be renewed, online, at most post offices, your nearest vehicle registration office or by post to the licensing authority. Make sure you have or take all the relevant documents with your application. 

 Valid insurance
 The old tax disc
 The vehicle handbook
 A valid driving licence
6Before driving anyone else's motor vehicle you should make sure that

Mark one answer.

Knowledge and Understanding Driving a vehicle without insurance cover is illegal. If you cause injury to anyone or damage to property, it could be very expensive and you could also be subject to a criminal prosecution. You can arrange insurance cover with, an insurance company, a broker and some motor manufacturers or dealers. 

 the vehicle owner has third party insurance cover
 your own vehicle has insurance cover
 the vehicle is insured for your use
 the owner has left the insurance documents in the vehicle
7A newly qualified driver must

Mark one answer.

Knowledge and Understanding It is your responsibility to make sure you are properly insured for the vehicle you are driving. 

 display green L plates
 not exceed 40 mph for 12 months
 be accompanied on a motorway
 have valid motor insurance
8Which THREE pieces of information are found on a vehicle registration document?

Mark THREE answers.

Knowledge and Understanding Every vehicle used on the road has a registration certificate. This is issued by the Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency (DVLA) or Driver and Vehicle Agency (DVA) in Northern Ireland. The document shows vehicle details including, date of first registration, registration number, previous keeper, registered keeper, make of vehicle, engine size and chassis number, year of manufacture and colour. 

 Registered keeper
 Make of the vehicle
 Service history details
 Date of the MOT
 Type of insurance cover
 Engine size
9The cost of your insurance may reduce if you

Mark one answer.

Knowledge and Understanding The cost of insurance varies with your age and how long you have been driving. Usually, the younger you are the more expensive it is, especially if you are under 25 years of age. The Pass Plus scheme provides additional training to newly qualified drivers. Pass Plus is recognised by many insurance companies and taking this extra training could give you reduced insurance premiums, as well as improving your skills and experience. 

 are under 25 years old
 do not wear glasses
 pass the driving test
 take the Pass Plus scheme
10Which THREE of these do you need before you can drive legally?

Mark THREE answers.

Knowledge and Understanding Make sure that you have a valid driving licence and proper insurance cover before driving any vehicle. These are legal requirements, as is displaying a valid tax disc in the vehicle. 

 A valid driving licence
 A valid tax disc displayed on your vehicle
 A vehicle service record
 Proper insurance cover
 Breakdown cover
 A vehicle handbook

Practical Driving Test in UK / Road and Traffic Signs Category

Practical Driving Test in UK / Road and Traffic Signs Category

Topics include: 
  • Road Signs - knowing the meanings of different road signs.
  • Speed Limits - being aware of and planning for speed limit signs.
  • Road Markings - knowing the meanings of road markings.
  • Regulations - knowing the regulations associated with road signs & markings.
A good knowledge of road signs and road markings is essential. For pictures and explanations see our road signs page. For motorway signs see our motorway driving page. 
To test your knowledge you can take our two road signs theory test - road sign test 02 

General Road Sign Rules 
Order Road Sign
You must obey signs giving orders. These signs are usually in red circles.Instruction Road Sign
Signs that give instructions are blue and circular give instructions.
Tourist Information Road Sign
Signs with brown backgrounds display tourist information.
Direction Road Sign
White rectangles are used for direction signs on non-primary routes or for plates used in
combination with warning and regulatory signs.

Green rectangles are used for direction signs on primary routes.

Blue rectangles are used for information signs except on motorways where blue
is used for direction signs.
Hand Signal Left Turn
Hand signal indicating the driver intends to turn left.
Hand Signal Slow Down
Hand signal indicating the driver intends to slow down. 
Road Markings
  • You would see a contraflow bus and cycle lane on a one-way street.
  • Zig-Zag lines at pedestrian crossings mean no parking at any time.
Centre Solid White Lines
You must not cross or straddle a solid white line in the centre of the road unless:
  • you're turning into a junction
  • you need to pass a stationary vehicle
  • you need to overtake a cyclist, horse or road maintenance vehicle if they're moving at 10mph or less. 
Traffic Lights
  • Red light - you must stop and wait behind the stop line.
  • Amber light - stop at the stop line.
  • Green light - continue forward unless your exit from the junction is blocked. 

Practical Driving Test in UK / Rules of The Road Category

Practical Driving Test in UK / Rules of The Road Category

Topics include: 
  • Speed Limits - Knowing the different speed limits and when to use these speed limits.
  • Lighting - using car lighting effectively and safely to see and be seen when driving.
  • Lane Discipline - know and understanding lane rule regulations.
  • Parking - where to safely park and knowing the different parking restrictions and regulations.
Again, safety is a theme that dominates many questions. 
Many questions present every day road situations where the correct answer is always the safest options, for example:
You are on a busy main road and find that you are travelling in the wrong direction. What should you do? 
  1. Turn into a side road on the right and reverse into the main road
  2. make a U-turn in the main road
  3. Make a 'three-point' turn in the main road
  4. Turn round in a side road
The correct answer, the safest, is 4. No question will require an answer such as 'speed up', 'sound your horn' or 'flash your lights'
Facts to Know
  • The national speed limit for cars and motorcycles on single carriageway roads is 60 mph.
  • The national speed limit for cars and motorcycles on motorways and dual carriageways is 70 mph.
  • The speed limit for cars towing a trailer on single carriageway roads is 50 mph.
  • The speed limit for cars towing a small caravan on motorways and dual carriageways is 60 mph.
  • On a road with street lights, but no speed limit signs, the speed limit is usually 30 mph.
  • At an unmarked crossroads no one has priority.
  • The nearest you can park to a junction is 10 metres (32 feet).
  • You may drive over a footpath to get to a property.
  • You must not drive in a cycle lane marked by a solid white line during its period of operation.
  • A cycle lane marked by a broken white line means you should not drive in, or park in the lane unless it is unavoidable.
  • You must not drive in a bus lane during its hours of operation. The hours of operation will be marked on the bus lane road sign.
  • You must not stop where an urban clearway is in force.
  • When waiting at a level crossing if the red lights continue to flash after a train has passed you must continue to wait.
  • Never park in an disabled only parking space unless permitted i.e. you are a blue badge holder.
  • If a car overtakes you at night and you have your headlights on full beam you should switch them to dipped as soon as the vehicle passes you.
  • Zebra Crossing - if someone is waiting to cross you should stop and let them cross.
  • Toucan Crossings - can be use by cyclists and pedestrians.
  • Pelican Crossings - a flashing amber light means you must give way to pedestrians still crossing. If the light changes to red and people are still crossing then you must continue to wait and let them cross
  • You can only drive in a bus lane outside its hours of operation.
  • Never reverse for longer than you have to, or from a side road into a main road.

Box Junctions
  • You may only wait in a box junction when you're turning right and your exit lane is clear but you can't complete the turn because of oncoming traffic. Box Junctions Video Tutorial
Parking At Night
  • If you park at night on a road where the speed limit is above 30 mph you must leave your parking lights (sidelights) on.
  • Always park facing the flow of traffic 
Where Not to Park
  • On the pavement
  • At a bus stop
  • In front of someone's drive
  • Opposite a traffic island
  • Near a school entrance
  • On a pedestrian crossing (or inside the zigzag lines either side of it)
  • Near a junction
  • On a clearway
  • On a motorway 
  • Going left - signal left as you approach the roundabout. Keep signalling until you have left the roundabout.
  • Going straight ahead - signal left just after you pass the exit before the one you will take.
  • Going right - signal right as you approach the roundabout. Signal left just after you pass the exit before the one you will take. Roundabouts Video Tutorial.
  • Cyclists and horse riders may stay in the left-hand lane even if they are turning right.
  • Long vehicles may take up a different position to stop the rear of the vehicle hitting the kerb. 
  • You must not reverse for longer than is necessary.
  • Never reverse from a side road onto a main road
  • When reversing into a side road, the main hazard to oncoming traffic, is when the front of your vehicle swings out. 
Key Signs
Meter Zone
Park in a bay and pay during the times shown. Concealed Level Crossing
Markers that indicate a concealed level crossing.
End of Minimum Speed
End of minimum speed limit.
National Speed Limit Sign
National speed limit applies.
No Waiting Sign
No waiting at any time

1There is a tractor ahead of you. You wish to overtake but you are not sure if it is safe to do so. You should

Mark one answer.

Knowledge and UnderstandingNever overtake if you�re not sure whether it�s safe. Can you see far enough down the road to ensure that you can complete the manoeuvre safely? If the answer is no, DON�T GO. 

 follow another overtaking vehicle through
 sound your horn to the slow vehicle to pull over
 speed through but flash your lights to oncoming traffic
 not overtake if you are in doubt
2Which THREE of the following are most likely to take an unusual course at roundabouts?

Mark THREE answers.

Knowledge and UnderstandingLong vehicles might have to take a slightly different position when approaching the roundabout or going around it. This is to stop the rear of the vehicle cutting in and mounting the kerb. Horse riders and cyclists might stay in the left-hand lane although they are turning right. Be aware of this and allow them room. 

 Horse riders
 Milk floats
 Delivery vans
 Long vehicles
 Estate cars
3On a clearway you must not stop

Mark one answer.

Knowledge and UnderstandingClearways are in place so that traffic can flow without the obstruction of parked vehicles. Just one parked vehicle will cause an obstruction for all other traffic. You MUST NOT stop where a clearway is in force, not even to pick up or set down passengers. 

 at any time
 when it is busy
 in the rush hour
 during daylight hours
4You can park on the right-hand side of a road at night

Mark one answer.

Knowledge and UnderstandingRed rear reflectors show up when headlights shine on them. These are useful when you are parked at night but will only reflect if you park in the same direction as the traffic flow. Normally you should park on the left, but if you�re in a one-way street you may also park on the right-hand side. 

 in a one-way street
 with your sidelights on
 more than 10 metres (32 feet) from a junction
 under a lamp-post
5You are approaching a busy junction. There are several lanes with road markings. At the last moment you realise that you are in the wrong lane. You should

Mark one answer.

Knowledge and UnderstandingThere are times where road markings can be obscured by queuing traffic, or you might be unsure which lane you need to be in. If you realise that you�re in the wrong lane, don�t cut across lanes or bully other drivers to let you in. Follow the lane you�re in and find somewhere safe to turn around if you need to. 

 continue it that lane
 force your way across
 stop until the area has cleared
 use clear arm signals to cut across
6Where may you overtake on a one-way street?

Mark one answer.

Knowledge and UnderstandingYou can overtake other traffic on either side when travelling in a one-way street. Make full use of your mirrors and ensure that it�s clear all around before you attempt to overtake. Look for signs and road markings and use the most suitable lane for your destination. 

 Only on the left-hand side
 Overtaking is not allowed
 Only on the right-hand side
 Either on the right or the left
7When going straight ahead at a roundabout you should

Mark one answer.

Knowledge and UnderstandingWhen you want to go straight on at a roundabout, don�t signal as you approach it, but indicate left just after you pass the exit before the one you wish to take. 

 indicate left before leaving the roundabout
 not indicate at any time
 indicate right when approaching the roundabout
 indicate left when approaching the roundabout
8Which vehicle might have to use a different course to normal at roundabouts?

Mark one answer.

Knowledge and UnderstandingA long vehicle may have to straddle lanes either on or approaching a roundabout so that the rear wheels don�t cut in over the kerb. If you�re following a long vehicle, stay well back and give it plenty of room. 

 Sports car
 Estate car
 Long vehicle
9You must stop when signalled to do so by which THREE of these?

Mark THREE answers.

Knowledge and UnderstandingLooking well ahead and �reading� the road will help you to anticipate hazards. This will enable you to stop safely at traffic lights or if ordered to do so by an authorised person. 

 A police officer
 A pedestrian
 A school crossing patrol
 A bus driver
 A red traffic light
10You are intending to turn right at a crossroads. An oncoming driver is also turning right. It will normally be safer to

Mark one answer.

Knowledge and UnderstandingAt some junctions the layout may make it difficult to turn offside to offside. If this is the case, be prepared to pass nearside to nearside, but take extra care as your view ahead will be obscured by the vehicle turning in front of you. 

 keep the other vehicle to your RIGHT and turn behind it (offside to offside)
 keep the other vehicle to your LEFT and turn in front of it (nearside to nearside)
 carry on and turn at the next junction instead
 hold back and wait for the other driver to turn first
11You meet an obstruction on your side of the road. You should

Mark one answer.

Knowledge and UnderstandingTake care if you have to pass a parked vehicle on your side of the road. Give way to oncoming traffic if there isn�t enough room for you both to continue safely. 

 carry on, you have priority
 give way to oncoming traffic
 wave oncoming vehicles through
 accelerate to get past first
12Which THREE places must you not park?

Mark THREE answers.

Knowledge and UnderstandingOther traffic will have to pull out to pass you. They may have to use the other side of the road, and if you park near the brow of a hill, they may not be able to see oncoming traffic. It�s important not to park at or near a bus stop as this could inconvenience passengers, and may put them at risk as they get on or off the bus. Parking near a junction could restrict the view for emerging vehicles. 

 Near the brow of a hill
 At or near a bus stop
 Where there is no pavement
 Within 10 metres (32 feet) of a junction
 On a 40 mph road
13You are travelling on a well-lit road at night in a built-up area. By using dipped headlights you will be able to

Mark one answer.

Knowledge and UnderstandingYou may be difficult to see when you�re travelling at night, even on a well lit road. If you use dipped headlights rather than sidelights other road users will see you more easily. 

 see further along the road
 go at a much faster speed
 switch to main beam quickly
 be easily seen by others
14When you are not sure that it is safe to reverse your vehicle you should

Mark one answer.

Knowledge and UnderstandingIf you can�t see all around your vehicle get out and have a look. You could also ask someone reliable outside the vehicle to guide you. A small child could easily be hidden directly behind you. Don�t take risks. 

 use your horn
 rev your engine
 get out and check
 reverse slowly
15When may you reverse from a side road into a main road?

Mark one answer.

Knowledge and UnderstandingDon�t reverse into a main road from a side road. The main road is likely to be busy and the traffic on it moving quickly. Cut down the risks by reversing into a quiet side road. 

 Only if both roads are clear of traffic
 Not at any time
 At any time
 Only if the main road is clear of traffic

Practical Driving Test in UK / Motorway Rules Category

Practical Driving Test in UK / Motorway Rules Category

Topics include: 
  • Weather Conditions - knowing motorway speed restrictions
  • Road Surfaces - using the left-hand lane unless overtaking
  • Time of Day - knowing where you can and can't stop
  • Speed - when and where to use lights to see and be seen
  • Traffic Calming - knowing that you can only stop on a motorway in an emergency and how to use hard shoulder emergency phones.
For more detailed information on driving safely on motorways and what motorway signs mean see out motorway page. 
Facts To Know
  • The national speed limit on motorways for cars and motorcycles 70 mph.
  • When joining a motorway, give way to traffic already on the motorway.
  • Vehicles towing trailers cannot travel in the right-hand lane of a motorway (unless all other lanes are closed). The maximum speed limit for them is 60 mph.
  • The left-hand lane can be used by any vehicle.
  • The left-hand lane should be used for normal driving. Use the centre and right-hand lanes for overtaking.
  • Green studs run between a motorway and its slip road.
  • White studs run between the lanes on a motorway.
  • Amber studs run between the central reservation and the carriageway.
  • Red studs run between the carriageway and the hard shoulder.
  • The hard shoulder should normally only be used for stopping in an emergency. You can however travel on the hard shoulder when signs direct you to do so.
  • An Emergency Refuge Area is an area on a motorway for use in cases of emergency or breakdown.
  • If you breakdown but can't get to the hard shoulder you should turn on your hazard warning lights.
  • When leaving the hard shoulder to rejoin the main carriageway you should gain speed on the hard shoulder before moving out into the carriageway.
  • If you breakdown on a motorway and need to call for help it may be better to use one of the emergency roadside phones , as this way your location will be accurately known. If you use a mobile phone you can check your location from the marker posts on the left.
  • Most of the emergency phones are linked to the Highways Agency Control Centre.
  • Marker posts at 100-metre intervals point you in the direction of the nearest phone.
  • Highways Agency Traffic Officers are able to stop and direct anyone on a motorway.
  • A red cross displayed above a lane means do not travel in the lane.
  • A crawler lane on a motorway is found on a steep gradient.
  • A number displayed above a lane i.e. 50 means the speed limit for the lane is 50 mph.
  • If you get puncture on the motorway you should use an emergency phone to call for assistance.
  • Continuous high speeds make vehicle breakdowns more likely.
  • If traffic ahead of you slows or stops suddenly you can turn on your hazard warning lights for a short time to warn traffic behind you.
  • In a contraflow system there are likely to be lower speed limits.
  • When going through a contraflow: don't switch lanes, don't get too close to the vehicle in front. 
You should stop on a motorway:
  • If red lights show above every lane
  • When told to by the police
  • When signalled by a Highways Agency Officer
If you have to stop on the hard shoulder:
  • Turn on your hazard lights
  • Switch on your side lights if visibility is poor
  • Don't open the offside, those nearest the carriageway, doors
  • you and your passengers should leave the car from the nearside doors and wait on the embankment. 
The following cannot use the motorway:
  • Learner car drivers
  • Farm tractors and other slow-moving vehicles 
  • Cyclists
  • Learner motorcyclists
  • Motorcycles under 50cc 
  • Horse riders
Active Traffic Management (ATM)
ATM tries to reduce congestion and make journey times more reliable. Where in use, mandatory speed limit signs will show on the gantries above the motorway lanes.
  • In ATM area, the hard shoulder is sometimes used as a normal traffic lane. If a speed limit sign is active above the hard shoulder, then the hard shoulder can be used as a normal lane.
  • If A red cross shows above the hard shoulder, it cannot be used as a normal lane. 
Motorway countdown marker - 300 yards to exit. Motorway countdown marker - 200 yards to exit. Motorway countdown maker - 100 yards to exit.
Countdown markers to the next exit 

1When joining a motorway you must always

Mark one answer.

Knowledge and Understanding You should give way to traffic already on the motorway. Where possible they may move over to let you in but don�t force your way into the traffic stream. The traffic may be travelling at high speed so you should match your speed to fit in. 

 use the hard shoulder
 stop at the end of the acceleration lane
 come to a stop before joining the motorway
 give way to traffic already on the motorway
2You break down on a motorway. You need to call for help. Why may it be better to use an emergency roadside telephone rather than a mobile phone?

Mark one answer.

Knowledge and Understanding On a motorway it is best to use a roadside emergency telephone so that the emergency services are able to locate you easily. The nearest telephone is shown by an arrow on marker posts at the edge of the hard shoulder. If you use a mobile, they will need to know your exact location. Before you call, find out the number on the nearest marker post. This number will identify your exact location. 

 It connects you to a local garage
 Using a mobile phone will distract other drivers
 It allows easy location by the emergency services
 Mobile phones do not work on motorways
3After a breakdown you need to rejoin the main carriageway of a motorway from the hard shoulder. You should

Mark one answer.

Knowledge and Understanding Wait for a safe gap in the traffic before you move out. Indicate your intention and use the hard shoulder to gain speed but don�t force your way into the traffic. 

 move out onto the carriageway then build up your speed
 move out onto the carriageway using your hazard lights
 gain speed on the hard shoulder before moving out onto the carriageway
 wait on the hard shoulder until someone flashes their headlights at you
4What colour are the reflective studs between a motorway and its slip road?

Mark one answer.

Knowledge and Understanding The studs between the carriageway and the hard shoulder are normally red. These change to green where there is a slip road. They will help you identify slip roads when visibility is poor or when it is dark. 

5On a three-lane motorway which lane should you normally use?

Mark one answer.

Knowledge and Understanding On a three-lane motorway you should travel in the left-hand lane unless you�re overtaking. This applies regardless of the speed at which you�re travelling. 

 Either the right or centre
6You are joining a motorway. Why is it important to make full use of the slip road?

Mark one answer.

Knowledge and Understanding Try to join the motorway without affecting the progress of the traffic already travelling on it. Always give way to traffic already on the motorway. At busy times you may have to slow down to merge into slow-moving traffic. 

 Because there is space available to turn round if you need to
 To allow you direct access to the overtaking lanes
 To build up a speed similar to traffic on the motorway
 Because you can continue on the hard shoulder
7Which FOUR of these must not use motorways?

Mark FOUR answers.

Knowledge and UnderstandingLearner car drivers and motorcyclists are not allowed on the motorway until they have passed their practical test. Motorways have rules that you need to know before you venture out for the first time. When you�ve passed your practical test it�s a good idea to have some lessons on motorways. Check with your instructor about this. 

 Learner car drivers
 Motorcycles over 50cc
 Double-decker buses
 Farm Tractors
 Horse riders
8Immediately after joining a motorway you should normally

Mark one answer.

Knowledge and Understanding Stay in the left-hand lane long enough to get used to the higher speeds of motorway traffic. 

 try to overtake
 re-adjust your mirrors
 position your vehicle in the centre lane
 keep in the left-hand lane
9You are allowed to stop on a motorway when you

Mark one answer.

Knowledge and Understanding You MUST stop if there are red lights flashing above every lane on the motorway. However, if any of the other lanes do not show flashing red lights or red cross you may move into that lane and continue if it is safe to do so. 

 need to walk and get fresh air
 wish to pick up hitchhikers
 are told to do so by flashing red lights
 need to use a mobile phone
10You are travelling along the left-hand lane of a three-lane motorway. Traffic is joining from a slip road. You should

Mark one answer.

Knowledge and Understanding You should move to another lane if it is safe to do so. This can greatly assist the flow of traffic joining the motorway, especially at peak times. 

 race the other vehicles
 move to another lane
 maintain a steady speed
 switch on your hazard flashers
11On motorways you should never overtake on the left unless

Mark one answer.

Knowledge and Understanding Only overtake on the left if traffic is moving slowly in queues and the traffic on your right is moving more slowly than the traffic in your lane. 

 you can see well ahead that the hard shoulder is clear
 the traffic in the right-hand lane is signalling right
 you warn drivers behind by signalling left
 there is a queue of slow-moving traffic to your right that is moving more slowly than you are
12The aim of an Active Traffic Management scheme on a motorway is to

Mark one answer.

Knowledge and Understanding Active Traffic Management schemes are intended to reduce congestion and make journey times more reliable. In these areas the hard shoulder may be used as a running lane to ease congestion at peak times or in the event of an incident. It may appear that you could travel faster for a short distance, but keeping traffic flow at a constant speed may improve your journey time. 

 prevent overtaking
 reduce rest stops
 prevent tailgating
 reduce congestion
13Why can it be an advantage for traffic speed to stay constant over a longer distance?

Mark one answer.

Knowledge and Understanding When traffic travels at a constant speed over a longer distance, journey times normally improve. You may feel that you could travel faster for short periods but this won�t generally improve your overall journey time. Signs will show the maximum speed at which you should travel. 

 You will do more start-stop driving
 You will use far more fuel
 You will be able to use more direct routes
 Your overall journey distance time will normally improve
14On a motorway what is used to reduce traffic bunching?

Mark one answer.

Knowledge and Understanding Congestion can be reduced by keeping traffic at a constant speed. At busy times maximum speed limits are displayed on overhead gantries. These can be varied quickly depending on the amount of traffic. By keeping to a constant speed on busy sections of motorway overall journey times are normally improved. 

 Variable speed limits
 Contraflow systems
 National speed limits
 Lane closures
15You are driving at 70 mph on a three-lane motorway. There is no traffic ahead. Which lane should you use?

Mark one answer.

Knowledge and Understanding 

 Any lane
 Middle lane
 Right lane
 Left lane