Knowledge and UnderstandingThe longer traffic lights have been on green, the greater the chance of them changing. Always allow for this on approach and be prepared to stop.
Maintain your speed
Be ready to stop
Knowledge and UnderstandingBefore pulling up check the mirrors to see what is happening behind you. Also assess what is ahead and make sure you give the correct signal if it helps other road users.
Use the mirrors
Select a higher gear
Flash your headlights
Knowledge and UnderstandingEnsure that you can see clearly through the windscreen of your vehicle. Stickers or hanging objects could affect your field of vision or draw your eyes away from the road.
Improve your driving
Distract your attention
Help your concentration
Knowledge and UnderstandingIt is illegal to use a hand-held mobile phone while driving, except in a genuine emergency. Even using hands-free kit can distract your attention. Park in a safe and convenient place before receiving or making a call or using text messaging. Then you will also be free to take notes or refer to papers.
Driving at less than 30 mph
Driving an automatic vehicle
Knowledge and UnderstandingBefore moving off you should use all the mirrors to check if the road is clear. Look round to check the blind spots and give a signal if it is necessary to warn other road users of your intentions.
Use all the mirrors on the vehicle
Look round after moving off
Use the exterior mirror only
Give a signal if necessary
Give a signal after moving off
Knowledge and UnderstandingIf people are waiting to use a pedestrian crossing, slow down and be prepared to stop. Do not wave them across the road since another driver may, not have seen them, not have seen your signal and may not be able to stop safely.
They may not be looking
It is safer for you to carry on
They may not be ready to cross
Knowledge and Understanding When you see emergency vehicles with blue flashing beacons, move out of the way as soon as it is safe to do so.
Knowledge and Understanding Keep a steady course to give the driver behind an opportunity to overtake safely. If necessary, slow down. Reacting incorrectly to another driver�s impatience can lead to danger.
wave the driver behind to overtake when it is safe
keep a steady course and allow the driver behind to overtake
accelerate to get away from the driver behind
Knowledge and Understanding
They use quieter roads
They use electric power
They do not operate during rush hour
Knowledge and Understanding Check your tyre pressures frequently – normally once a week. If pressures are lower than those recommended by the manufacturer, there will be more "rolling resistance". The engine will have to work harder to overcome this, leading to increased fuel consumption.
Of different makes
New and hardly used
Knowledge and Understanding At night all vehicles must display parking lights when parked on a road with a speed limit greater than 30 mph. They should be close to the kerb, facing in the direction of the traffic flow and not within a distance as specified in The Highway Code.
Left with no lights on
Right with parking lights on
Right with dipped headlights on
Knowledge and Understanding Having a pleasant journey can have safety benefits. You will be less tired and stressed and this will allow you to concentrate more on your driving or riding.
You will have a more pleasant journey
You will cause more pollution
Your stress levels will be greater
Knowledge and Understanding Using the controls smoothly can reduce fuel consumption by about 15% as well as reducing wear and tear on your vehicle. Plan ahead and anticipate changes of speed well in advance. This will reduce the need to accelerate rapidly or brake sharply.
Increased fuel consumption
Reduced exhaust emissions
Increased road safety
Knowledge and UnderstandingYou should always give cyclists plenty of room when overtaking. When it is windy, a sudden gust could blow them off course.
Making a hill start
Turning into a narrow road
Passing pedal cyclists
Knowledge and Understanding In windy conditions, care must be taken on exposed roads. A strong gust of wind can blow you off course. Watch out for other road users who are particularly likely to be affected, such as cyclists, motorcyclists, high-sided lorries and vehicles towing trailers.
On an open stretch of road
On a busy stretch of road
On a long, straight road
Knowledge and Understanding Note that this is the typical stopping distance. It will take at least this distance to think, brake and stop in good conditions. In poor conditions it will take much longer.
60 metres (197 feet)
73 metres (240 feet)
96 metres (315 feet)
Knowledge and UnderstandingIf you attempt to move off in a low gear, such as first, the engine will rev at a higher speed. This could cause the wheels to spin and dig further into the snow.
The highest gear you can
A high engine speed
The handbrake and footbrake together
Knowledge and Understanding Harsh use of the accelerator, brakes or steering are likely to lead to skidding, especially on slippery surfaces. Avoid steering and braking at the same time. In icy conditions it is very important that you constantly assess what is ahead, so that you can take appropriate action in plenty of time.
Gently apply your handbrake
Firmly use your footbrake
Coast into the bend
Avoid sudden steering movements
Knowledge and Understanding Be tolerant of older drivers. Poor eyesight and hearing could affect the speed with which they react to a hazard and may cause them to be hesitant.
Understand road signs
React very quickly
Give signals correctly
Knowledge and Understanding When approaching a junction where the traffic lights have failed, you should proceed with caution. Treat the situation as an unmarked junction and be prepared to stop.
Brake sharply to a stop before looking
Be prepared to brake sharply to a stop
Be prepared to stop for any traffic
Knowledge and Understanding Although a convex mirror gives a wide view of the scene behind, you should be aware that it will not show you everything behind or to the side of the vehicle. Before you move off you will need to check over your shoulder to look for anything not visible in the mirrors.
They totally cover blind spots
They make it easier to judge the speed of following traffic
They make following traffic look bigger
Knowledge and Understanding The names of towns and cities may be painted on the road at busy junctions and complex road systems. Their purpose is to let you move into the correct lane in good time, allowing traffic to flow more freely.
To warn you of oncoming traffic
To enable you to change lanes early
To prevent you changing lanes
Knowledge and UnderstandingIf you intend to overtake you must consider that approaching traffic could be planning the same manoeuvre. When you have considered the situation and have decided it is safe, indicate your intentions early. This will show the approaching traffic that you intend to pull out.
Traffic can travel faster in poor weather conditions
Traffic can overtake on the left
Traffic uses the middle lane for emergencies only
Knowledge and Understanding An amber flashing light on a vehicle indicates that it is slow-moving. Battery powered vehicles used by disabled people are limited to 8 mph. It is not advisable for them to be used on dual carriageways where the speed limit exceeds 50 mph. If they are then an amber flashing light must be used.
A fire engine
A doctor on call
A disabled person's vehicle
Knowledge and Understanding You should plan your overtaking to take into account any hazards ahead. In this picture the marking indicates that you are approaching a junction. You will not have time to overtake and move back into the
Overtaking drivers there is a bend to the left
Overtaking drivers to move back to the left
Drivers that it is safe to overtake
Knowledge and Understanding
Think about the effect your parking will have on other road users. Do not forget that not all vehicles are the size of a car. Large vehicles will need more room to pass and might need more time too. Parking out of the view of traffic, such as before the brow of a hill, causes unnecessary risks. Think before you park.
In a lay-by
Where the kerb is raised
Where the kerb has been lowered for wheelchairs
At or near a bus stop
Knowledge and UnderstandingWhen leaving your vehicle unattended, use a secure car park whenever possible.
In a quiet road
Opposite a traffic island
In a secure car park
Knowledge and Understanding The restraint should be adjusted so that it gives maximum protection to the head and neck. This will help in the event of a rearend collision.
Help you to avoid neck injury
Help you to relax
Help you to maintain your driving position
Knowledge and Understanding A security-coded radio can deter thieves as it is likely to be of little use when removed from the vehicle.
Hide the radio with a blanket
Park near a busy junction
Install a security-coded radio
Knowledge and Understanding Your vehicle is like a shop window for thieves. Either remove all valuables or lock them out of sight.
Put them under the driver's seat
Lock then out of sight
Park in an unlit side road
Knowledge and Understanding Do not travel unless you have no choice. Making unnecessary journeys in bad weather can increase the risk of having a collision. It is important that you can see and be seen. Make sure any snow or ice is cleared from lights, mirrors, number plates and windows.
Knowledge and Understanding Before you test your brakes you must check for following traffic. If it is safe, gently apply the brakes to clear any water that may be covering the braking surfaces.
Stop and dry the brakes
Check your exhaust
Test your brakes
Knowledge and Understanding Keep well back and allow the cyclist room to take up the correct position for the turn. Do not get too close behind or try to squeeze past.
Flash your headlights at the cyclist
Slow down and allow the cyclist to turn
Overtake the cyclist on the left-hand side
Knowledge and Understanding Traffic calming measures such as road humps, chicanes and narrowings are intended to slow you down. Maintain a reduced speed until you reach the end of these features. They are there to protect pedestrians. Kill your speed!
Always travel at the speed limit
Position in the centre of the road
Only slow down if pedestrians are near
Knowledge and Understanding When your view is restricted into the new road you must still be completely sure it is safe to emerge. Try to look for traffic through the windows of the parked cars or the reflections in shop windows. Keep looking in all directions as you slowly edge forwards until you can see it is safe.
Reflections of traffic in shop windows
Making eye contact with other road users
Checking for traffic in your interior mirror
Knowledge and UnderstandingThe licensing authority will not automatically take away your licence without investigation. For advice, contact the Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency (or DVA in Northern Ireland).
Avoid using motorways
Always drive accompanied
Inform the licensing authority
Knowledge and Understanding Make sure that you have reduced your speed and are in the correct gear for the turn. Look into the road before you turn and always give way to any pedestrians who are crossing.
Knowledge and Understanding Never attempt to change direction to the right without first checking your right-hand mirror. A motorcyclist might not have seen your signal and could be hidden by the car behind you. This action should become a matter of routine.
Following you closely
Emerging from the side road
Overtaking on your right
Knowledge and Understanding If someone is deaf as well as blind, they may be carrying a white stick with a red reflective band. You cannot see if a pedestrian is deaf. Do not assume everyone can hear you approaching.
Deaf and blind
Knowledge and Understanding When following a large vehicle keep well back. If you are too close you will not be able to see the road ahead and the driver of the long vehicle might not be able to see you in their mirrors.
To get the best view of the road ahead
To leave a gap in case the vehicle stops and rolls back
To offer other drivers a safe gap if they want to overtake you
Knowledge and Understanding There are times when other drivers make incorrect or ill-judged decisions. Be tolerant and try not to retaliate or react aggressively. Always consider the safety of other road users, your passengers and yourself.
Give a long blast on the horn
Drop back to leave the correct separation distance
Flash your headlights several times
Knowledge and Understanding These vehicles are battery powered and very vulnerable due to their slow speed, small size and low height. Some are designed for pavement and road use and have a maximum speed of 8 mph (12 km/h). Others are for pavement use only and are restricted to 4 mph (6 km/h). Take extra care and be patient if you are following one. Allow plenty of room when overtaking and do not go past unless you can do so safely.
18 mph (29 km/h)
28 mph (45 km/h)
38 mph (61 km/h)
Knowledge and Understanding Motorcyclists are affected more by windy weather than other vehicles. In windy conditions, high-sided vehicles cause air turbulence. You should keep well back as the motorcyclist could be blown off course.
Keep well back
Stay level with the motorcyclist
Keep close to the motorcyclist
Knowledge and Understanding If you are driving on a motorway at night or in poor visibility, you must always use your headlights, even if the road is well-lit. The other road users in front must be able to see you in their mirrors.
Always use your headlights
Always use your rear fog lights
Use your headlights only in bad weather
Knowledge and Understanding You should brake and slow down before selecting a lower gear. The gear can then be used to keep the speed low and help you control the vehicle. This is particularly helpful on long downhill stretches, where brake fade can occur if the brakes overheat.
By selecting reverse gear
By changing to a higher gear
By selecting neutral
Knowledge and Understanding The stop sign has been put here because there is a poor view into the main road. You must stop because it will not be possible to assess the situation on the move, however slowly you are travelling.
Beyond the line at a point where you can see clearly
Only if there is traffic on the main road
Only if you are turning to the right
Knowledge and Understanding Active Traffic Management schemes are intended to reduce congestion and make journey times more reliable. In these areas the hard shoulder may be used as a running lane to ease congestion at peak times or in the event of an incident. It may appear that you could travel faster for a short distance, but keeping traffic flow at a constant speed may improve your journey time.
Reduce rest stops
Knowledge and Understanding Congestion can be reduced by keeping traffic at a constant speed. At busy times maximum speed limits are displayed on overhead gantries. These can be varied quickly depending on the amount of traffic. By keeping to a constant speed on busy sections of motorway overall journey times are normally improved.
National speed limits
Knowledge and Understanding The use of cycles is being encouraged and more toucan crossings are being installed. These crossings enable pedestrians and cyclists to cross the path of other traffic. Watch out as cyclists will approach the crossing faster than pedestrians.
Buses pulling out
Trams crossing in front
Cyclists riding across
KKnowledge and Understanding This sign gives you a warning. The brow of the hill prevents you seeing oncoming traffic so you must be cautious. The bridge is narrow and there may not be enough room for you to pass an oncoming vehicle at this point. There is no footpath, so pedestrians may be walking in the road. Consider the hidden hazards and be ready to react if necessary.
Get over the bridge as quickly as possible
Consider using your horn
Find another route
Beware of pedestrians
Theory Test #2 - Questions and AnswersYou are approaching traffic lights that have been on green for sometime. You should
A. Accelerate hard
B. Maintain your speed
C. Be ready to stop
D. Brake hard
A. Sound the horn
B. Use the mirrors
C. Select a higher gear
D. Flash your headlights
A. Restrict your view
B. Improve your driving
C. Distract your attention
D. Help your concentration
A. Receiving a call
B. Suitably parked
C. Driving at less than 30 mph
D. Driving an automatic vehicle
A. Look round before you move off
B. Use all the mirrors on the vehicle
C. Look round after moving off
D. Use the exterior mirror only
E. Give a signal if necessary
F. Give a signal after moving off
A. There may be another vehicle coming
B. They may not be looking
C. It is safer for you to carry on
D. They may not be ready to cross
A. Motorway maintenance
B. Bomb disposal
C. Blood transfusion
D. Police patrol
E. Breakdown recovery
A. Move closer to the car ahead, so the driver behind has no room to overtake
B. wave the driver behind to overtake when it is safe
C. keep a steady course & allow the driver behind to overtake
D. accelerate to get away from the driver behind
A. They use diesel power
B. They use quieter roads
C. They use electric power
D. They do not operate during rush hour
B. Of different makes
D. New and hardly used
A. Left with parking lights on
B. Left with no lights on
C. Right with parking lights on
D. Right with dipped headlights on
A. Your journey will take longer
B. You will have a more pleasant journey
C. You will cause more pollution
D. Your stress levels will be greater
A. Reduced pollution
B. Increased fuel consumption
C. Reduced exhaust emissions
D. Increased road safety
A. Using the brakes
B. Making a hill start
C. Turning into a narrow road
D. Passing pedal cyclists
A. On a narrow country lane
B. On an open stretch of road
C. On a busy stretch of road
D. On a long, straight road
A. 53 metres (175 feet)
B. 60 metres (197 feet)
C. 73 metres (240 feet)
D. 96 metres (315 feet)
A. The lowest gear you can
B. The highest gear you can
C. A high engine speed
D. The handbrake and footbrake together
A. Slow down before you reach the bend
B. Gently apply your handbrake
C. Firmly use your footbrake
D. Coast into the bend
E. Avoid sudden steering movements
A. Obtain car insurance
B. Understand road signs
C. React very quickly
D. Give signals correctly
A. Brake and stop only for large vehicles
B. Brake sharply to a stop before looking
C. Be prepared to brake sharply to a stop
D. Be prepared to stop for any traffic
A. They give a wider field of vision
B. They totally cover blind spots
C. They make it easier to judge the speed of following traffic
D. They make following traffic look bigger
A. To restrict the flow of traffic
B. To warn you of oncoming traffic
C. To enable you to change lanes early
D. To prevent you changing lanes
A. Traffic in both directions can use the middle lane to overtake
B. Traffic can travel faster in poor weather conditions
C. Traffic can overtake on the left
D. Traffic uses the middle lane for emergencies only
A. An ambulance
B. A fire engine
C. A doctor on call
D. A disabled person's vehicle
A. Drivers to use the hard shoulder
B. Overtaking drivers there is a bend to the left
C. Overtaking drivers to move back to the left
D. Drivers that it is safe to overtake
A. Near the brow of a hill
B. In a lay-by
C. Where the kerb is raised
D. Where the kerb has been lowered for wheelchairs
E. At or near a bus stop
A. Opposite another parked vehicle
B. In a quiet road
C. Opposite a traffic island
D. In a secure car park
A. Make you more comfortable
B. Help you to avoid neck injury
C. Help you to relax
D. Help you to maintain your driving position
A. Park in an unlit area
B. Hide the radio with a blanket
C. Park near a busy junction
D. Install a security-coded radio
A. Park near a police station
B. Put them under the driver's seat
C. Lock then out of sight
D. Park in an unlit side road
F. Number plates
you should do?
A. Stop and check the tyres
B. Stop and dry the brakes
C. Check your exhaust
D. Test your brakes
A. Overtake before the cyclist gets to the junction
B. Flash your headlights at the cyclist
C. Slow down and allow the cyclist to turn
D. Overtake the cyclist on the left-hand side
A. Travel at a reduced speed
B. Always travel at the speed limit
C. Position in the centre of the road
D. Only slow down if pedestrians are near
A. Looking for traffic behind you
B. Reflections of traffic in shop windows
C. Making eye contact with other road users
D. Checking for traffic in your interior mirror
A. Inform your local police station
B. Avoid using motorways
C. Always drive accompanied
D. Inform the licensing authority
A. One-way street
C. Traffic congestion
D. Parked vehicles
A. Overtaking you on the left
B. Following you closely
C. Emerging from the side road
D. Overtaking on your right
A. Physically disabled
B. Deaf only
C. Blind only
D. Deaf and blind
A. To give acceleration space to overtake quickly on blind spots
B. To get the best view of the road ahead
C. To leave a gap in case the vehicle stops and rolls back
D. To offer other drivers a safe gap if they want to overtake you
A. Accelerate to get closer to the red van
B. Give a long blast on the horn
C. Drop back to leave the correct separation distance
D. Flash your headlights several times
A. 8 mph (12 km/h)
B. 18 mph (29 km/h)
C. 28 mph (45 km/h)
D. 38 mph (61 km/h)
A. Overtake the motorcyclist immediately
B. Keep well back
C. Stay level with the motorcyclist
D. Keep close to the motorcyclist
A. Use only your sidelights
B. Always use your headlights
C. Always use your rear fog lights
D. Use your headlights only in bad weather
A. By changing to a lower gear
B. By selecting reverse gear
C. By changing to a higher gear
D. By selecting neutral
A. Behind the line, then edge forward to see clearly
B. Beyond the line at a point where you can see clearly
C. Only if there is traffic on the main road
D. Only if you are turning to the right
A. Prevent overtaking
B. Reduce rest stops
C. Prevent tailgating
D. Reduce congestion
A. Variable speed limits
B. Contraflow systems
C. National speed limits
D. Lane closures
A. Emergency vehicles emerging
B. Buses pulling out
C. Trams crossing in front
D. Cyclists riding across
A. Move into the middle of the road to get a better view
B. Slow down
C. Get over the bridge as quickly as possible
D. Consider using your horn
E. Find another route
F. Beware of pedestrians