Friday, 27 January 2017

Practical Driving Test in UK 3

Practical Driving Test in UK 3

1How can driving in an Eco-safe manner help protect the environment? (mark ONE answer)

Knowledge and Understanding Eco-safe driving is all about becoming a more environmentally-friendly driver. This will make your journeys more comfortable as well as considerably reducing your fuel bills and reducing emissions that can damage the environment. 

 Through the legal enforcement of speed regulations
 By increasing the number of cars on the road
 Through increased fuel bills
 By reducing exhaust emissions
2You are turning right onto a dual carriageway. What should you do before emerging? (mark ONE answer)

Knowledge and Understanding Before emerging right onto a dual carriageway make sure that the central reserve is deep enough to protect your vehicle. If it is not, you should treat it as one road and check that it is clear in both directions before pulling out. Neglecting to do this could place part or all of your vehicle in the path of approaching traffic and cause a collision. 

 Stop, apply the handbrake then select a low gear
 Position your vehicle well to the left of the side of the road
 Check that the central reservation is wide enough for your vehicle
 Make sure that you leave enough room for a vehicle behind
3When emerging from junctions, which is most likely to obstruct your view? (mark ONE answer)

Knowledge and Understanding Windscreen pillars can block your view, particularly at junctions. Those road users most at risk of not being seen are cyclists, motorcyclists and pedestrians. Never rely on just a quick glance. 

 Windscreen pillars
 Steering wheel
 Interior mirror
 Windscreen wipers
4When being followed by an ambulance showing a flashing blue beacon you should (mark ONE answer)

Knowledge and Understanding Pull over in a place where the ambulance can pass safely. Check that there are no bollards or obstructions in the road that will prevent it from doing so. 

 Pull over as soon as safely possible to let it pass
 Accelerate hard to get away from it
 Maintain your speed and course
 Brake harshly and immediately stop in the road
5On a road where trams operate, which of these vehicles will be most at risk from tram rails? (mark ONE answer)

Knowledge and Understanding The narrow wheels of a bicycle can become stuck in the tram rails, causing the cyclist to stop suddenly, wobble or even lose balance altogether. The tram lines are also slippery which could cause a cyclist to slide or fall off. 

6When approaching this hazard why should you slow down? (mark TWO answers)

Knowledge and Understanding There are two hazards clearly signed in this picture. You should be preparing for the bend by slowing down and selecting the correct gear. You might also have to stop at the level crossing, so be alert and be prepared to stop if necessary. 

 Because of the bend
 Because it is hard to see to the right
 Because of approaching traffic
 Because of animals crossing
 Because of the level crossing
7A flashing green beacon on a vehicle means (mark ONE answer)

Knowledge and Understanding If you see a vehicle with a flashing green beacon approaching, allow it to pass when you can do so safely. Be aware that someone's life could depend on the driver making good progress through traffic.

 Police on non-urgent duties
 Doctor on an emergency call
 Road safety patrol operating
 Gritting in progress
8You should ONLY flash your headlights to other road users (mark ONE answer)

Knowledge and Understanding You should only flash your headlights to warn others of your presence. Do not use them to, greet others, show impatience or give priority to other road users. They could misunderstand your signal. 

 To show you are giving way
 To show that you are about to turn
 To tell them that you have right of way
 To let them know that you are there
9You are approaching an unmarked crossroads. How should you deal with this type of junction? (mark ONE answer)

Knowledge and Understanding Be extra-cautious, especially when your view is restricted by hedges, bushes, walls and large vehicles etc. In the summer months these junctions can become more difficult to deal with when growing foliage may obscure your view. 

 Accelerate and keep to the middle
 Slow down and keep to the right
 Accelerate looking to the left
 Slow down and look both ways
10'Red Routes' in major cities have been introduced to (mark ONE answer)

Knowledge and Understanding Traffic jams today are often caused by the volume of traffic. However, inconsiderate parking can lead to the closure of an inside lane or traffic having to wait for oncoming vehicles. Driving slowly in traffic increases fuel consumption and causes a build-up of exhaust fumes. 

 Raise the speed limits
 Help the traffic flow
 Provide better parking
 Allow lorries to load more freely
11It is essential that tyre pressures be checked regularly. When should this be done?
(mark ONE answer)

Knowledge and Understanding When you check the tyre pressures do so when the tyres are cold. This will give you a more accurate reading. The heat generated from a long journey will raise the pressure inside the tyre. 

 After any length journey
 After travelling at high speed
 When tyres are hot
 When tyres are cold
12What is the legal minimum insurance cover you must have to drive on public roads? (mark ONE answer)

Knowledge and Understanding The minimum insurance required by law is third party cover. This covers others involved in a collision but not damage to your vehicle. Basic third party insurance will not cover theft or fire damage. Check with your insurance company for advice on the best cover for you and make sure that you read the policy carefully. 

 Third party, fire and theft
 Third party only
 Personal injury cover
13You need to top up your battery. What level should you fill to? (mark ONE answer)

Knowledge and Understanding
Top up the battery with distilled water and make sure each cell plate is covered.

 The top of the battery
 Half-way up the battery
 Just below the cell plates
 Just above the cell plates
14You are on a long, downhill slope. What should you do to help control the speed of your vehicle? (mark ONE answer)

Knowledge and Understanding Selecting a low gear when travelling downhill will help you to control your speed. The engine will assist the brakes and help prevent your vehicle gathering speed. 

 Select neutral
 Select a lower gear
 Grip the handbrake firmly
 Apply the parking brake gently
15Anti-lock brakes may not work as effectively if the road surface is  (mark TWO answers)

Knowledge and Understanding Poor contact with the road surface could cause one or more of the tyres to lose grip on the road. This is more likely to happen when braking in poor weather conditions, when the road surface is uneven or has loose chippings. 

16The roads are  icy. You should drive slowly (mark ONE answer)

Knowledge and UnderstandingDriving at a slow speed in a high gear will reduce the likelihood of wheel-spin and help your vehicle maintain the best possible grip. 

 In the highest gear possible
 In the lowest gear possible
 With the handbrake partly on
 With your left foot on the brake
17You are driving along a wet road. How can you tell if your vehicle is aquaplaning? (mark ONE answer)

Knowledge and Understanding If you drive at speed in very wet conditions your steering may suddenly feel lighter than usual. This means that the tyres have lifted off the surface of the road and are skating on the surface of the water. This is known as aquaplaning. Reduce speed but do not brake until your steering returns to a normal feel. 

 The engine will stall
 The engine noise will increase
 The steering will feel very heavy
 The steering will feel very light
18A driver pulls out of a side road in front of you. You have to brake hard. You should (mark ONE answer)

Knowledge and Understanding Where there are a number of side roads, be alert. Be especially careful if there are a lot of parked vehicles because they can make it more difficult for drivers emerging to see you. Try to be tolerant if a vehicle does emerge and you have to brake quickly. Do not react aggressively. 

 Ignore the error and stay calm
 Flash you lights to show your annoyance
 Sound your horn to show your annoyance
 Overtake as soon as possible
19Following a collision someone has suffered a burn. The burn needs to be cooled. What is the shortest time it should be cooled for? (mark ONE answer)

Knowledge and Understanding Check the casualty for shock and if possible try to cool the burn for at least ten minutes. Use a clean, cold non-toxic liquid preferably water. 

 5 minutes
 10 minutes
 15 minutes
 20 minutes
20A casualty is not breathing normally. At what rate should chest compressions should be given? (mark ONE answer)

Knowledge and Understanding If a casualty is not breathing normally chest compressions may be needed to maintain circulation. Place two hands on the centre of the chest and press down about 4-5 centimetres, at the rate of 100 per minute. 

 50 per minute
 100 per minute
 200 per minute
 250 per minute
21You have been convicted of driving whilst unfit through drink or drugs. You will find this is likely to cause the cost of one of the following to rise considerably. Which one? (mark ONE answer)

Knowledge and Understanding You have shown that you are a risk to yourself and others on the road. For this reason insurance companies may charge you a higher premium. 

 Road fund licence
 Insurance premiums
 Vehicle test certificate
 Driving licence
22You feel drowsy when driving. You should (mark TWO answers)

Knowledge and Understanding You will be putting other road users at risk if you continue to drive when drowsy. Pull over and stop in a safe place. If you are driving a long distance, think about finding some accommodation so you can get some sleep before continuing your journey. 

 Stop and rest as soon as possible
 Turn the heater up to keep you warm and comfortable
 Make sure you have a good supply of fresh air
 Continue with your journey but drive more slowly
 Close the car windows to help you concentrate
23You are taking drugs that are likely to affect you driving. What should you do? (mark ONE answer)

Knowledge and Understanding Check with your doctor or pharmacist if you think that the drugs you are taking are likely to make you feel drowsy or impair your judgement. 

 Seek medical advice before driving
 Limit your driving to essential journeys
 Only drive if accompanied by a full licence holder
 Drive only for short distances
24You go to a social event and need to drive a short time afterwards. What precaution should you take? (mark ONE answer)

Knowledge and Understanding This is always going to be the safest option. Just one drink could put you over the limit and dangerously impair your judgement and reactions. 

 Avoid drinking alcohol on an empty stomach
 Drink plenty of coffee after drinking alcohol
 Avoid drinking alcohol completely
 Drink plenty of milk before drinking alcohol
25What action would you take when elderly people are crossing
the road? (mark ONE answer)

Knowledge and Understanding Be aware that older people might take a long time to cross the road. They might also be hard of hearing and not hear you approaching. Do not hurry older people across the road by getting too close to them or revving your engine. 

 Wave them across so they know that you have seen them
 Be patient and allow them to cross in their own time
 Rev the engine to let them know that you are waiting
 Tap the horn in case they are hard of hearing
26How should you react to drivers who appear to be inexperienced? (mark ONE answer)

Knowledge and Understanding Learners might not have confidence when they first start to drive. Allow them plenty of room and do not react adversely to their hesitation. We all learn from experience, but new drivers will have had less practice in dealing with all the situations that might occur. 

 Sound your horn and warn them of your presence
 Be patient and prepare for them to react more slowly
 Flash your headlights to indicate that it is safe for them to proceed
 Overtake them as soon as possible
27Where would you see this sign? (mark ONE answer)

Knowledge and Understanding Vehicles that are used to carry children to and from school will be travelling at busy times of the day. If you are following a vehicle with this sign be prepared for it to make frequent stops. It might pick up or set down passengers in places other than normal bus stops. 

 On the window of a car taking children to school
 At the side of the road
 At playground areas
 On the rear of a school bus or coach
28You are on a country road. What should you expect to see coming towards you on YOUR side of the road? (mark ONE answer)

Knowledge and Understanding On a quiet country road always be aware that there may be a hazard just around the next bend, such as a slow-moving vehicle or pedestrians. Pedestrians are advised to walk on the right-hand side of the road if there is no pavement, so they may be walking towards you on your side of the road. 

 Horse riders
29A horse rider is in the left-hand lane approaching a roundabout. You should expect the rider to (mark ONE answer)

Knowledge and Understanding Horses and their riders will move more slowly than other road users. They might not have time to cut across heavy traffic to take up positions in the offside lane. For this reason a horse and rider may approach a roundabout in the left-hand lane, even though they are turning right. 

 Go in any direction
 Turn right
 Turn left
 Go ahead
30You are waiting to emerge from a minor road. A large vehicle is approaching from the right. You have time to turn, but you should wait. Why?
(mark ONE answer)

Knowledge and Understanding Large vehicles can hide other vehicles that are overtaking, especially motorcycles which may be filtering past queuing traffic. You need to be aware of the possibility of hidden vehicles and not assume that it is
safe to emerge. 

 The large vehicle can easily hide an overtaking vehicle
 The large vehicle can turn suddenly
 The large vehicle is difficult to steer in a straight line
 The large vehicle can easily hide vehicles from the left
31You keep well back while waiting to overtake a large vehicle. A car fills the gap. You should. (mark ONE answer)

Knowledge and Understanding It is very frustrating when your separation distance is shortened by another vehicle. React positively, stay calm and drop further back. 

 Sound your horn
 Drop further back
 Flash your headlights
 Start to overtake
32You are driving in heavy traffic on a wet road. Spray makes it difficult to be seen. You should use your (mark TWO answers)

Knowledge and Understanding You must ensure that you can be seen by others on the road. Use your dipped headlights during the day if the visibility is bad. If you use your rear fog lights, do not forget to turn them off when the visibility improves. 

 Full beam headlights
 Rear fog lights if visibility is less than 100 metres (328 feet)
 Rear fog lights is visibility is more than 100 metres (328 feet)
 Dipped headlights
 Side lights only
33You are driving on a road with several lanes. You see these signs above the lanes. What do they mean? (mark ONE answer)

Knowledge and Understanding 

 The two right lanes are open
 The two left lanes are open
 Traffic in the left lanes should stop
 Traffic in the right lanes should stop
34You are travelling in heavy rain. Your overall stopping distance is likely to be (mark ONE answer)

Knowledge and Understanding As well as visibility being reduced, the road will be extremely wet. This will reduce the grip the tyres have on the road and increase the distance it takes to stop. Double your separation distance. 

 Up to ten times greater
 No different
35Traffic calming measures are used to (mark ONE answer)

Knowledge and Understanding Traffic calming measures are used to make the roads safer for vulnerable road users, such as cyclists, pedestrians and children. These can be designed as chicanes, road humps or other obstacles that encourage drivers and riders to slow down. 

 Stop road rage
 Help overtaking
 Slow traffic down
 Help parking
36Whilst driving, the fog clears and you can see more clearly. You must remember to (mark ONE answer)

Knowledge and Understanding Bright rear fog lights might be mistaken for brake lights and could be misleading for the traffic behind. 

 Switch off the fog lights
 Reduce your speed
 Switch off the demister
 Close any open windows
37To correct a rear-wheel skid you should (mark ONE answer)

Knowledge and Understanding Prevention is better than cure, so it is important that you take every precaution to avoid a skid from starting. If you feel the rear wheels of your vehicle beginning to skid, try to steer in the same direction to recover control. Do not brake suddenly as this will only make the situation worse. 

 Not steer at all
 Steer away from it
 Steer into it
 Apply your handbrake
38Using rear fog lights in clear daylight will (mark ONE answer)

Knowledge and Understanding Rear fog lights shine brighter than normal rear lights so that they show up in reduced visibility. When the weather is clear they could dazzle the driver behind, so switch them off. 

 Be useful when towing a trailer
 Give extra protection
 Dazzle other drivers
 Make following drivers keep back
39You are allowed to stop on a motorway when you (mark ONE answer)

Knowledge and Understanding You MUST stop if there are red lights flashing above every lane on the motorway. However, if any of the other lanes do not show flashing red lights or red cross you may move into that lane and continue if it is safe to do so. 

 Need to walk and get some fresh air
 Wish to pick up hitchhikers
 Are told to do so by flashing red lights
 Need to use a mobile telephone
40You are travelling along the left-hand lane of a three-lane motorway. Traffic is joining from a slip road. You should (mark ONE answer)

Knowledge and Understanding You should move to another lane if it is safe to do so. This can greatly assist the flow of traffic joining the motorway, especially at peak times. 

 Race the other vehicles
 Move to another lane
 Maintain a steady speed
 Switch on your hazard lights
41A basic rule when on motorways is (mark ONE answer)

Knowledge and Understanding
You should normally travel in the left-hand lane unless you are overtaking a slower moving vehicle. When you are past that vehicle move back into the left-hand lane as soon as it is safe to do so. Do not cut across in front of the vehicle that you are overtaking. 

 Use the lane that has least traffic
 Keep to the left hand-lane unless overtaking
 Overtake on the side that is clearest
 Try to keep above 50 mph to prevent congestion
42In which TWO places should you NOT park? (mark TWO answers)

Knowledge and Understanding It may be tempting to park where you should not while you run a quick errand. Careless parking is a selfish act and could endanger other road users. 

 Near a school entrance
 Near a police station
 In a side road
 At a bus stop
 In a one-way street
43You are travelling on a well-lit road at night in a built up area. By using dipped headlights you will be able to (mark ONE answer)

Knowledge and Understanding You may be difficult to see when you are travelling at night, even on a well lit road. If you use dipped headlights rather than sidelights other road users will see you more easily. 

 See further along the road
 Go at a much faster speed
 Switch to main beam quickly
 Be easily seen by others
44At a crossroads there are no signs or road markings. Two vehicles approach. Which has priority?

Knowledge and Understanding At a crossroads where there are no give way signs or road markings be very careful. No vehicle has priority, even if the sizes of the roads are different. 

 Neither of the vehicles
 The vehicle travelling the fastest
 Oncoming vehicles turning right
 Vehicles approaching from the right
45You may remove your seat belt when carrying out a manoeuvre that involves (mark ONE answer)

Knowledge and Understanding Do not forget to put your seat belt back on when you have finished reversing. 

 A hill start
 An emergency stop
 Driving slowly
46You must not reverse (mark ONE answer)

Knowledge and Understanding You may decide to turn your vehicle around by reversing into an opening or side road. When you reverse, always look behind and all around and watch for pedestrians. Do not reverse from a side road into a main road. You MUST NOT reverse further than is necessary. 

 For longer than necessary
 For more than a car's length
 Into a side road
 In built-up areas
47When may you reverse from a side-road into a main road? (mark ONE answer)

Knowledge and Understanding Do not reverse into a main road from a side road. The main road is likely to be busy and the traffic on it moving quickly. Cut down the risks by reversing into a quiet side road. 

 Only if both roads are clear of traffic
 Not at any time
 At any time
 Only if the main road is clear of traffic
48You MUST obey signs giving orders. These signs are mostly in (mark ONE answer)

Knowledge and Understanding There are three basic types of traffic sign, those that, warn, inform or give orders. Generally, triangular signs warn, rectangular ones give information or directions, and circular signs usually give orders. An exception is the eight-sided STOP sign. 

 Green rectangles
 Red Triangles
 Blue rectangles
 Red circles
49A police officer asks to see your documents. You do not have them with you. You may be asked to take them to the police station with (mark ONE answer)

Knowledge and Understanding You do not have to carry the documents for your vehicle around with you. If a police officer asks to see them and you do not have them with you, you may be asked to produce them at a police station within seven days. 

 5 days
 7 days
 14 days
 21 days
50While driving, this warning light on your dashboard comes on. It means (mark ONE answer)

Knowledge and Understanding Don�t ignore this warning light. A fault in your braking system could have dangerous consequences. 

 A fault in the braking system
 The engine oil is low
 A rear light has failed
 Your seat belt is not fastened

No comments:

Post a Comment