Knowledge and Understanding Eco-safe driving is all about becoming a more environmentally-friendly driver. This will make your journeys more comfortable as well as considerably reducing your fuel bills and reducing emissions that can damage the environment.
By increasing the number of cars on the road
Through increased fuel bills
By reducing exhaust emissions
Knowledge and Understanding Before emerging right onto a dual carriageway make sure that the central reserve is deep enough to protect your vehicle. If it is not, you should treat it as one road and check that it is clear in both directions before pulling out. Neglecting to do this could place part or all of your vehicle in the path of approaching traffic and cause a collision.
Position your vehicle well to the left of the side of the road
Check that the central reservation is wide enough for your vehicle
Make sure that you leave enough room for a vehicle behind
Knowledge and Understanding Windscreen pillars can block your view, particularly at junctions. Those road users most at risk of not being seen are cyclists, motorcyclists and pedestrians. Never rely on just a quick glance.
Knowledge and Understanding Pull over in a place where the ambulance can pass safely. Check that there are no bollards or obstructions in the road that will prevent it from doing so.
Accelerate hard to get away from it
Maintain your speed and course
Brake harshly and immediately stop in the road
Knowledge and Understanding The narrow wheels of a bicycle can become stuck in the tram rails, causing the cyclist to stop suddenly, wobble or even lose balance altogether. The tram lines are also slippery which could cause a cyclist to slide or fall off.
Knowledge and Understanding There are two hazards clearly signed in this picture. You should be preparing for the bend by slowing down and selecting the correct gear. You might also have to stop at the level crossing, so be alert and be prepared to stop if necessary.
Because it is hard to see to the right
Because of approaching traffic
Because of animals crossing
Because of the level crossing
Knowledge and Understanding If you see a vehicle with a flashing green beacon approaching, allow it to pass when you can do so safely. Be aware that someone's life could depend on the driver making good progress through traffic.
Doctor on an emergency call
Road safety patrol operating
Gritting in progress
Knowledge and Understanding You should only flash your headlights to warn others of your presence. Do not use them to, greet others, show impatience or give priority to other road users. They could misunderstand your signal.
To show that you are about to turn
To tell them that you have right of way
To let them know that you are there
Knowledge and Understanding Be extra-cautious, especially when your view is restricted by hedges, bushes, walls and large vehicles etc. In the summer months these junctions can become more difficult to deal with when growing foliage may obscure your view.
Slow down and keep to the right
Accelerate looking to the left
Slow down and look both ways
Knowledge and Understanding Traffic jams today are often caused by the volume of traffic. However, inconsiderate parking can lead to the closure of an inside lane or traffic having to wait for oncoming vehicles. Driving slowly in traffic increases fuel consumption and causes a build-up of exhaust fumes.
Help the traffic flow
Provide better parking
Allow lorries to load more freely
(mark ONE answer)
Knowledge and Understanding When you check the tyre pressures do so when the tyres are cold. This will give you a more accurate reading. The heat generated from a long journey will raise the pressure inside the tyre.
After travelling at high speed
When tyres are hot
When tyres are cold
Knowledge and Understanding The minimum insurance required by law is third party cover. This covers others involved in a collision but not damage to your vehicle. Basic third party insurance will not cover theft or fire damage. Check with your insurance company for advice on the best cover for you and make sure that you read the policy carefully.
Third party only
Personal injury cover
Knowledge and Understanding
Top up the battery with distilled water and make sure each cell plate is covered.
Half-way up the battery
Just below the cell plates
Just above the cell plates
Knowledge and Understanding Selecting a low gear when travelling downhill will help you to control your speed. The engine will assist the brakes and help prevent your vehicle gathering speed.
Select a lower gear
Grip the handbrake firmly
Apply the parking brake gently
Knowledge and Understanding Poor contact with the road surface could cause one or more of the tyres to lose grip on the road. This is more likely to happen when braking in poor weather conditions, when the road surface is uneven or has loose chippings.
Knowledge and UnderstandingDriving at a slow speed in a high gear will reduce the likelihood of wheel-spin and help your vehicle maintain the best possible grip.
In the lowest gear possible
With the handbrake partly on
With your left foot on the brake
Knowledge and Understanding If you drive at speed in very wet conditions your steering may suddenly feel lighter than usual. This means that the tyres have lifted off the surface of the road and are skating on the surface of the water. This is known as aquaplaning. Reduce speed but do not brake until your steering returns to a normal feel.
The engine noise will increase
The steering will feel very heavy
The steering will feel very light
Knowledge and Understanding Where there are a number of side roads, be alert. Be especially careful if there are a lot of parked vehicles because they can make it more difficult for drivers emerging to see you. Try to be tolerant if a vehicle does emerge and you have to brake quickly. Do not react aggressively.
Flash you lights to show your annoyance
Sound your horn to show your annoyance
Overtake as soon as possible
Knowledge and Understanding Check the casualty for shock and if possible try to cool the burn for at least ten minutes. Use a clean, cold non-toxic liquid preferably water.
Knowledge and Understanding If a casualty is not breathing normally chest compressions may be needed to maintain circulation. Place two hands on the centre of the chest and press down about 4-5 centimetres, at the rate of 100 per minute.
100 per minute
200 per minute
250 per minute
Knowledge and Understanding You have shown that you are a risk to yourself and others on the road. For this reason insurance companies may charge you a higher premium.
Vehicle test certificate
Knowledge and Understanding You will be putting other road users at risk if you continue to drive when drowsy. Pull over and stop in a safe place. If you are driving a long distance, think about finding some accommodation so you can get some sleep before continuing your journey.
Turn the heater up to keep you warm and comfortable
Make sure you have a good supply of fresh air
Continue with your journey but drive more slowly
Close the car windows to help you concentrate
Knowledge and Understanding Check with your doctor or pharmacist if you think that the drugs you are taking are likely to make you feel drowsy or impair your judgement.
Limit your driving to essential journeys
Only drive if accompanied by a full licence holder
Drive only for short distances
Knowledge and Understanding This is always going to be the safest option. Just one drink could put you over the limit and dangerously impair your judgement and reactions.
Drink plenty of coffee after drinking alcohol
Avoid drinking alcohol completely
Drink plenty of milk before drinking alcohol
the road? (mark ONE answer)
Knowledge and Understanding Be aware that older people might take a long time to cross the road. They might also be hard of hearing and not hear you approaching. Do not hurry older people across the road by getting too close to them or revving your engine.
Be patient and allow them to cross in their own time
Rev the engine to let them know that you are waiting
Tap the horn in case they are hard of hearing
Knowledge and Understanding Learners might not have confidence when they first start to drive. Allow them plenty of room and do not react adversely to their hesitation. We all learn from experience, but new drivers will have had less practice in dealing with all the situations that might occur.
Be patient and prepare for them to react more slowly
Flash your headlights to indicate that it is safe for them to proceed
Overtake them as soon as possible
Knowledge and Understanding Vehicles that are used to carry children to and from school will be travelling at busy times of the day. If you are following a vehicle with this sign be prepared for it to make frequent stops. It might pick up or set down passengers in places other than normal bus stops.
At the side of the road
At playground areas
On the rear of a school bus or coach
Knowledge and Understanding On a quiet country road always be aware that there may be a hazard just around the next bend, such as a slow-moving vehicle or pedestrians. Pedestrians are advised to walk on the right-hand side of the road if there is no pavement, so they may be walking towards you on your side of the road.
Knowledge and Understanding Horses and their riders will move more slowly than other road users. They might not have time to cut across heavy traffic to take up positions in the offside lane. For this reason a horse and rider may approach a roundabout in the left-hand lane, even though they are turning right.
(mark ONE answer)
Knowledge and Understanding Large vehicles can hide other vehicles that are overtaking, especially motorcycles which may be filtering past queuing traffic. You need to be aware of the possibility of hidden vehicles and not assume that it is
safe to emerge.
The large vehicle can turn suddenly
The large vehicle is difficult to steer in a straight line
The large vehicle can easily hide vehicles from the left
Knowledge and Understanding It is very frustrating when your separation distance is shortened by another vehicle. React positively, stay calm and drop further back.
Drop further back
Flash your headlights
Start to overtake
Knowledge and Understanding You must ensure that you can be seen by others on the road. Use your dipped headlights during the day if the visibility is bad. If you use your rear fog lights, do not forget to turn them off when the visibility improves.
Rear fog lights if visibility is less than 100 metres (328 feet)
Rear fog lights is visibility is more than 100 metres (328 feet)
Side lights only
Knowledge and Understanding
The two left lanes are open
Traffic in the left lanes should stop
Traffic in the right lanes should stop
Knowledge and Understanding As well as visibility being reduced, the road will be extremely wet. This will reduce the grip the tyres have on the road and increase the distance it takes to stop. Double your separation distance.
Up to ten times greater
Knowledge and Understanding Traffic calming measures are used to make the roads safer for vulnerable road users, such as cyclists, pedestrians and children. These can be designed as chicanes, road humps or other obstacles that encourage drivers and riders to slow down.
Slow traffic down
Knowledge and Understanding Bright rear fog lights might be mistaken for brake lights and could be misleading for the traffic behind.
Reduce your speed
Switch off the demister
Close any open windows
Knowledge and Understanding Prevention is better than cure, so it is important that you take every precaution to avoid a skid from starting. If you feel the rear wheels of your vehicle beginning to skid, try to steer in the same direction to recover control. Do not brake suddenly as this will only make the situation worse.
Steer away from it
Steer into it
Apply your handbrake
Knowledge and Understanding Rear fog lights shine brighter than normal rear lights so that they show up in reduced visibility. When the weather is clear they could dazzle the driver behind, so switch them off.
Give extra protection
Dazzle other drivers
Make following drivers keep back
Knowledge and Understanding You MUST stop if there are red lights flashing above every lane on the motorway. However, if any of the other lanes do not show flashing red lights or red cross you may move into that lane and continue if it is safe to do so.
Wish to pick up hitchhikers
Are told to do so by flashing red lights
Need to use a mobile telephone
Knowledge and Understanding You should move to another lane if it is safe to do so. This can greatly assist the flow of traffic joining the motorway, especially at peak times.
Move to another lane
Maintain a steady speed
Switch on your hazard lights
Knowledge and Understanding
You should normally travel in the left-hand lane unless you are overtaking a slower moving vehicle. When you are past that vehicle move back into the left-hand lane as soon as it is safe to do so. Do not cut across in front of the vehicle that you are overtaking.
Keep to the left hand-lane unless overtaking
Overtake on the side that is clearest
Try to keep above 50 mph to prevent congestion
Knowledge and Understanding It may be tempting to park where you should not while you run a quick errand. Careless parking is a selfish act and could endanger other road users.
Near a police station
In a side road
At a bus stop
In a one-way street
Knowledge and Understanding You may be difficult to see when you are travelling at night, even on a well lit road. If you use dipped headlights rather than sidelights other road users will see you more easily.
Go at a much faster speed
Switch to main beam quickly
Be easily seen by others
Knowledge and Understanding At a crossroads where there are no give way signs or road markings be very careful. No vehicle has priority, even if the sizes of the roads are different.
The vehicle travelling the fastest
Oncoming vehicles turning right
Vehicles approaching from the right
Knowledge and Understanding Do not forget to put your seat belt back on when you have finished reversing.
A hill start
An emergency stop
Knowledge and Understanding You may decide to turn your vehicle around by reversing into an opening or side road. When you reverse, always look behind and all around and watch for pedestrians. Do not reverse from a side road into a main road. You MUST NOT reverse further than is necessary.
For more than a car's length
Into a side road
In built-up areas
Knowledge and Understanding Do not reverse into a main road from a side road. The main road is likely to be busy and the traffic on it moving quickly. Cut down the risks by reversing into a quiet side road.
Not at any time
At any time
Only if the main road is clear of traffic
Knowledge and Understanding There are three basic types of traffic sign, those that, warn, inform or give orders. Generally, triangular signs warn, rectangular ones give information or directions, and circular signs usually give orders. An exception is the eight-sided STOP sign.
Knowledge and Understanding You do not have to carry the documents for your vehicle around with you. If a police officer asks to see them and you do not have them with you, you may be asked to produce them at a police station within seven days.
Knowledge and Understanding Don�t ignore this warning light. A fault in your braking system could have dangerous consequences.
The engine oil is low
A rear light has failed
Your seat belt is not fastened
Friday, 27 January 2017
Practical Driving Test in UK 3
Practical Driving Test in UK 3